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BIHAR Nalanda Open University
Nalanda Open University, Patna (State University)


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Nalanda Open University Official logo of Nalanda Open University - Bihar
Established in Year: 1995

The Nalanda Open University is the only University in the State of Bihar meant for imparting learning exclusively through the system of distance education. The University was established in March, 1987 by an ordinance, promulgated by the Government of Bihar. Later, Nalanda Open University Act, 1995 was passes by the Bihar Legislature, replacing the Ordinance, and the University came under the authority and jurisdiction of the new Act automatically. The University is named after the famous Nalanda University of Ancient India.

At present, the University is functioning from its camp office at Biscomaun Bhawan, 2nd,3rd,4th and 12th Floors, Patna 800 001. The University has established at its camp office at Patna a well equipped and fully automated modern office in an area of approximately 60,000 sq. feet, which houses an examination centre for about 1000 students, a state of the art Library with about 50,000 titles and a computer laboratory of about 300 IBM Pentium-4 computers, apart from administrative offices and other infra-structures. The University is recognised by the Distance Education Council (DEC), University Grants Commission, and Ministry of HRD, Government of India for imparting education through distance mode.


Aims & Objectives:

  • To Provide educational opportunities to those who are unable to take up formal education and are still desirous to upgrade their educational qualifications and acquire knowledge in various fields of learning through the print medium (correspondence course), contact programmes, study centres and mass media.
     

  • To provide flexibility in matters of eligibility for enrolment for higher education, age of entry, choice of course, methods of learning, conduct of examination and operation of programmes.
     

  • To offer degree and diploma courses and to make provision for research for advancement and dissimination of knowledge.
     

  • To provide special facilities to groups like, elderly people, in-service personnel, housewives, people living in remote areas, socially disadvantaged people of the society and all others who wish to upgrade their skill and acquire higher academic qualification through distance education.
     

  • To lay emphasis on vocational, as well as, conventional courses, leading to award of degrees and certificates.
     

  • To create awareness for self-sufficiency and equip people with knowledge and higher qualification to enable them to become suitable for new job opportunities.
     

  • To provide course for rural, agricultural, industrial and commercial needs of people and design learning material for improving socio-economic condition of the masses.
     

  • To bring awareness in women, children and down-trodden of their social rights, duties and legal status in society.


Historical Background:

Towards the Southeast of Patna, the Capital City of Bihar State in India, is a village called the 'Bada Gaon', in the vicinity of which, are the world famous ruins of Nalanda University.

Founded in the 5th Century A.D., Nalanda is known as the ancient seat of learning. 2,000 Teachers and 10,000 Students from all over the Buddhist world lived and studied at Nalanda, the first Residential International University of the World. A walk in the ruins of the university, takes you to an era, that saw India leading in imparting knowledge, to the world - the era when India was a coveted place for studies. The University flourished during the 5th and 12th century.

Although Nalanda is one of the places distinguished as having been blessed by the presence of the Buddha, it later became particularly renowned as the site of the great monastic university of the same name , which was to become the crown jewel of the development of Buddhism in India. The name may derive from one of Shakyamuni's former births , when hewas a king whose capital was here. Nalanda was one of his epithets meaning "insatiable in giving."

This place saw the rise and fall of many empires and emperors who contributed in the development of Nalanda University. Many monasteries and temples were built by them. Kingarshwardhana gifted a 25m high copper statue of Buddha and Kumargupta endowed a college of fine arts ere. Nagarjuna- a Mahayana philosopher, Dinnaga- founder of the school of Logic and Dharmpala- the Brahmin scholar, taught here.
The famous Chinese traveller and scholar,Hieun-Tsang stayed here and has given a detailed description of the situations prevailing at that time. Careful excavation of the place has revealed many stupas, monasteries,hostels,stair cases,meditation halls, lecture halls and many other structures which speak of the splendour and grandeur this place enjoyed,when the place was a centre of serious study.

A large number of ancient Buddhist establishments, stupas, chaityas, temples and monastery sites have been excavated and they show that this was one of the most important Buddhist centres of worship and culture.Regarding the historicity of Nalanda, we read in Jaina texts that Mahavira Vardhamana spent as many as fourteen rainy seasons in Nalanda.

Pali Buddhist Literature , too, has ample references to Nalanda, which used to be visited by Lord Buddha. During the days of Mahavira and Buddha,Nalanda was apparently a very prosperous temple city, a great place of pilgrimage and the site of a celebrated university. It is said that King Asoka gave offerings to the Chaitya of Sariputra at Nalanda and erected a temple there.Taranath mentions this and also that Nagarjuna, the famous Mahayana philosopher of the second century A.D., studied at Nalanda. Nagarjuna later became the high-priest there.

The Gupta kings patronised these monasteries, built in old Kushan architectural style, in a row of cells around a courtyard. Ashoka and Harshavardhana were some of its most celebrated patrons who built temples and monasteries here. Recent excavations have unearthed elaborate structures here. Hiuen Tsang had left ecstatic accounts of both the ambiance and architectureof this unique university of ancient times. Modern historians have tentatively dated the founding of a monastery at Nalanda as being in the fifth century.However, this may not be accurate. For example,the standard biographiesof the teacher Nagarjuna, believed by most historians to have been born around 150 AD, are quite specific about his having received ordination at Nalanda monastery when he was seven years old. Further, his teacher Rahulabhadra is said to have lived there for some time before that. We may infer that there were a monastery or monasteries at Nalanda long before the foundation of the later Great Mahavihara.

At the time Hsuan Chwang stayed at Nalanda and studied with the abbot Shilabhadra, it was already a flourishing centre of learning. In many ways it seems to have been like a modern university. There was a rigorous oral entry examination conducted by erudite gatekeepers, and many students were turned away.To study or to have studied at Nalanda was a matter of great prestige. However, no degree was granted nor was a specific period of study required. The monks' time, measured by a water clock, was divided between study and religious rites and practice.There were schools of study in which students received explanations by discourse, and there were also schools of debate, where the mediocre were often humbled, and the conspicuously talented distinguished. Accordingly, the elected abbot was generally the most learned man of the time.
The libraries were vast and widely renowned, although there is a legend of a malicious fire in which many of the texts were destroyed and irrevocably lost.

During the Gupta age, the practice and study of the mahayana, especially the madhyamaka, flourished. However, from 750 AD, in the Pala age, there was an increase in the study and propagation of the tantric teachings.This is evidenced by the famous pandit Abhayakaragupta, a renowned tantric practitioner who was simultaneously abbot of the Mahabodhi, Nalanda and Vikramashila monasteries. Also Naropa, later so important to the tantric lineages of the Tibetan traditions, was abbot of Nalanda in the years 1049-57.

Much of the tradition of Nalanda had been carried into Tibet by the time of the Muslim invasions of the twelfth century. While the monasteries of Odantapuri and Vikramashila were then destroyed, the buildings at Nalanda do not seem to have suffered extensive damage at that time, although most of the monks fled before the desecrating armies. In 1235 the Tibetan pilgrim Chag Lotsawa found a 90 year old teacher, Rahula Shribhadra, with a class of seventy students. Rahula Shribhadra managed to survive through the support of a local brahmin and did not leave until he had completed educating his last Tibetan student.

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[A] Ph.D Programme

1. Economics
2. Education
3. Geography
4. Hindi
5. History
6. Political Science
7. Psychology
8. Sociology
9. Urdu
10. Botany
11. Chemistry
12. Mathematics
13. Physics
14. Zoology
15. Commerce


[B] POST GRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAMMES

1. Master of Computer Application (MCA)
2. M.A. (Economics)
3. M.A. (Geography)
4. M.Sc. (Geography)
5. M.A. (Hindi)
6. M.A. (History)
7.M.A. (Magahi)
8. M.A. (Political Science)
9. M.A. (Psychology)
10. M.A. (Sociology)
11. M.A. (Public Administration)
12. M.A. (Environmental Studies)
13. M.A. (Rural Development)
14. M.A. (Journalism & Mass Communication)
15. Master of Library & Information Science (One Year Course)
16. Master in Commerce (M.Com)
17. M.A. (Bhojpuri)
18. M.A. (Education)
19. M.A. (Urdu)
20. M.Sc. (Botany)
21. M.Sc. (Mathematics)
22. M.Sc. (Physics)
23. M.Sc. (Zoology)


[C] POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA PROGRAMMES

24. Post Graduate Diploma in Marketing Management
25. Post Graduate Diploma in Financial Management
26. Post Graduate Diploma in Journalism and Mass Communication
27. Post Graduate Diploma in Yogic Studies


[D] GRADUATE OR DEGREE PROGRAMMES

28. B.A. Honours (Economics)
29. B.A. Honours (Hindi)
30. B.A. Honours (History)
31. B.A. Honours (Pol. Science)
32. B.A. Honours (Psychology)
33. B.A. Honours (Sociology)
34. B.A. Honours (Social Work)
35. B.A. Honours (Geography)
36. B.A. Honours (Tourism)
37. B.A. Honours (Home Science)
38. B.A. Honours (Education)

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONS.)


39. B.Sc. Honours (Botany)
40. B.Sc. Honours (Chemistry)
41. B.Sc. Honours (Geography)
42. B.Sc. Honours (Mathematics)
43. B.Sc. Honours (Physics)
44. B.Sc. Honours (Zoology)
45. B.Sc. Honours (Home Science)

BACHELOR OF COMMERCE

46. Bachelor of Commerce
47. Bachelor in Business Administration (BBA)

OTHER BACHELOR COURSES

48. Bachelor of Library and Information Science (One Year Course)
49. Bachelor of Computer Application
50. Bachelor of Education


[E] INTERMEDIATE PROGRAMME

51. Intermediate of Arts
52. Intermediate of Commerce
53. Intermediate of Science


[F] CERTIFICATE PROGRAMME (Nine Months Course)

54. Certificate in Computing
55. Certificate in Library Science
56. Certificate in Clinical Dental Technique
57. Certificate in Dental and Oral Hygiene
58. Certification in ECG Technique
59. Certificate in Laboratory Technique
60. Certificate in Medical Laboratory Technique
61. Certificate in Physiotherapy and Yoga Therapy
62. Certificate in Operation Theatre Assistant
63. Certificate in Clinical Dental Technique
64. Certificate in Dental Mechanic
65. Certificate in Radiography & Imaging Technique
66. Certificate in Basic Medical Assistance and Nursing Care
67. Certificate in Optometry & Ophthalmic Assistance


[G] CERTIFICATE PROGRAMME (Six Months Course)

68. Certificate in Abolotion of Child Labour
69. Certificate in Bhojpuri Language
70. Certificate in Bio-fertilizer Production
71. Certificate in Buddhist Studies
72. Certificate in Child and Women Rights
73. Certificate in Child Psychology and Guidance
74. Certificate in Christian Studies
75. Certificate in Disaster Management
76. Certificate in Environment Studies
77. Certificate in Floriculture Technology
78. Certificate in Food and Nutrition
79. Certificate in Health and Environment
80. Certificate in Hindu Studies
81. Certificate in HIV and Family Education
82. Certificate in Indian Constitution and Panchayati Raj
83. Certificate in Insurance Services
84. Certificate in Islamic Studies
85. Certificate in Jain Studies
86. Certificate in Legal Awareness Among Women
87. Certificate in Magahi Language
88. Certificate in Maithili Language
89. Certificate in Medicinal and Aromatic Plant
90. Certificate in Nutrition and Child Care
91. Certificate in Pali Language
92. Certificate in Prakrit Language
93. Certificate in Sanskrit Language
94. Certificate in Sikh Studies
95. Certificate in Urdu Language
96. Certificate in Soil Health Management
97. Certificate in Artificial Insemination & Minor Veterinary Services
98. Certificate in Interior Decoration
99. Certificate in Computer Network Administration (CCNA of CISCO)


[H] CERTIFICATE PROGRAMME (Four Weeks Course)

100. Certification in Home Usages of Computers

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NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY
2nd/3rd Floor,
Biscomaun Bhawan,
Gandhi Maidan,
Patna 800 001 (BIHAR).

Telephone:
0612-2201013, 0612-2206916

Fax:

0612-2201001

E-mail:
nalopuni (a) sancharnet.in


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